Teaching and curriculum of Darul Uloom

By Manzar Bilal, TwoCircles.net,

Part 3 of the seven part TwoCircles.net series on Darul Uloom Deoband

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After the failure of 1857 freedom war, the British East India Company started to target especially Muslims as the commanders of the movement were mostly Muslims. The government hung thousands of Ulema and shut down many madarsas.

Under these circumstances, a group of learned theologians led by Maulana Qasim Nanotvi established Darul Uloom seminary on 15th Muharram, A.H. 1283 (May 30, 1866) in Deoband, UP , in order to train the youth with the necessary Islamic knowledge. They deliberately decided to keep it aloof from political or government participation.

At that time no one could imagine that the seminary whose foundation stone was laid down in a small village would be famous all over the world because of its educational services. Many illustrious personalities rose up from this teaching institution, innumerable scholars were fostered in its laps, and thousands of Ulama, Shaikhs, traditionists, jurisconsults, authors and experts of other arts and sciences were produced here.

The products of this historical educational centre , besides in this sub-continent, are busy in performing religions and academic services in various other countries also, and everywhere they have acquired a prominent status and have provided the service of religious guidance of the Muslims.

Darul Uloom Deoband curriculum based on the 12th century Hijri Indo-Islamic syllabus prepared by Mulla Nizamuddin Sahalvi which is known as Darse Nizami. More attention was being paid to Quran, Hadeeth, Islamic jurisprudence, Islamic law or Shariah, traditional Islamic theology. The current syllabus consists of four stages: Primary, Middle, High, Masters (Post-graduate stage). Primary is from first year to fourth year of Arabic, Middle from fifth year to seventh year and High is eight year. After the successfully completion of these eight year student becomes eligible for receiving the graduate degree (Sanad-e-Faraghat) of Darul Uloom.

The post-graduate class is not compulsory; if the student wants to acquire expertise in any subject or topic, he can take admission in the post-graduate class and continue his education but these classes are only for Darul Uloom graduates.

Darul Uloom conduct entrance test every year immediately after Ramadhan where thousands of students from across the country as well as from some other country come to participate. In this year over 10,000 students appeared in the test. Of them 1000 were selected for different classes. Recently, around four thousands students are boarding at hostel of Darul Uloom. The institution boasts a library of around 67,000 printed books and manuscripts in Arabic, Persian and Urdu in different arts and skill where students quench their thirst of knowledge.

The Books and subjects that are taught in eight-year course of the Arabic classes at Darul Uloom

First year

Subject Books
Biography of the Prophet (sirat) Sirat-e-Khatimul Anbiya (By: Mufti Md. Shafi)
Conjugation-Grammar (Sarf) Arabic Primer; Mizanus-Sarf and Munsha’ib

(complete); Panj Ganj (complete)

Syntax (Nahv) Memorizing of Nahv-e-Mir (complete); Sharh-e- Mi’ata A’mil (complete).
Arabic Literature Miftahul Arabia Part 1,2, & Alqira’atul Waziha (1)
Logic Taiseer al-Mantiq
Chirography (Khush-navisi) Correct writing and Dictation
Cantillation: (Tajvid) Exercise in cant illation in the first quarter of the Para-e-Amm

Second year

bject Books
Conjugation-Grammar (Sarf) Ilmus Segha & Fusool-e-Akbari
Syntax (Nahv Hidaytun Nahv (complete) & Kafiya (chapter: Fail & Harf)
Arabic Literature Alqira’atul Waziha (2) & Nafhatul Adab
Jurisprudence: (Fiqh) Noorul Izah & Qudoori (To Haj chapter)
Logic A’san Mantiq & Mirqat
Chirography (Khush-navisi) Correct writing and Dictation
Cantillation: (Tajvid) Jamalul Qra’an & Exercise in cant illation of the Para-e-Amm

Third year

Subject Books
Quranic Exegesis Tarjumatul Quran (From Sura-e-Qaf to end)
Jurisprudence: (Fiqh) Qudoori (From Kitabul Boyoo to end)
Syntax (Nahv) Sharah Shuzuruz Zahab (complete)
Arabic Literature Nafhatul Arab & Alqira’tul Waziha (3)
Hadith Mishkatul A’thar
Logic Shrah Tahzeeb (complete)
Islami Akhlaque Talimul Muta’allim
Cantillation: (Tajvid) Exercise in cant illation of the five Para
External study Tareekh Millat (Khilafat-e-Rashida)

Fourth year

Subject Books
Quranic Exegesis Tarjumatul Quran (From Sura-e-Yousuf to Qaf)
Jurisprudence: (Fiqh) Sharah Wiqayah (Part 1 coml. & part 2 up to Itaque)
Principles of Jurisprudence Tasheelul Usool Arabi & Usoolus Shasi
Rhetorics Darusul Balaghah (complete)
Hadith Alfiyatul Hadith
Logic Qutbi (complete)
History Khilafat-e-Bani Umayya, Abbasiya, Turkiya (By: zamullah Shahabi)
Cantillation: (Tajvid) Exercise in cant illation of the five Para
Modern Sciences Sciences of Madaniyyat, Geography of the Arab Peninsula and other Islamic countries.

Fifth year

Quranic Exegesis Tarjumatul Quran (From beginning up to Sura-e-Hood)
Jurisprudence: (Fiqh) Hidaya Part 1 (complete)
Principles of Jurisprudence Noorul Anwar up to Sunnah & Matan Alminar ( form Kitabus Sunnah up to end)
Rhetorics Mukhtasarul Ma’ani 1st subject & Talkhisul Miftah (2nd & 3rdSubject)
Beliefs (Aqa’id) Aqidatut Tahavi
Logic Sullamul Uloom (up to subject of Shartiyat)
Arabic Literature Muqamat ( up to 15 Muqama)
Cantillation: (Tajvid) Exercise in cant illation of the five Para
External study History of Indians Kings (up to 1947 A.D.)

Sixth year

Subject Books
Tafsir Tafsir Jalalayn (complete)
Jurisprudence: (Fiqh) Hidaya Part 2 (complete with Itaque subject)
Principles of Tafsir & Jurisprudence Alfauzul Kabeer & Husamy (complete)
Arabic Literature Deevan-e-Mutanabbi (appointed chapter) & Deewan-e-Himasa (Babul Adab)
Philosophy Mabadiul Falsafa & Mabazi (Complete)
Cantillation: (Tajvid) Exercise in cant illation of the five Para
Study of Sirat Asahhus Siyer

Seventh year

Subject Books
Hadith Mishkat, Sharah Nukhba & Muqadma Shaikh Abdul-Haque
Jurisprudence: (Fiqh Hidaya Part 3/4
Aqa’ed Shrah Aqa’ed
Fra’iz Sirajy
Cantillation: (Tajvid) Exercise in cant illation of the five Para
External Study Al-Mazahibul Islamia Urdu (Shaikh Abu Zahra )

Eight year

Subject Books
Hadith Bukhari Sharif (Complete)
Hadith Muslim Sharif (Complete)
Hadith Tirmizi Sharif (Complete)
Hadith Abu Da’ud Sharif (Complete)
Hadith Nasa’i Sharif (Complete)
Hadith Ibn-e-Maja Sharif (Complete)
Hadith Tahavi Sharif (Complete)
Hadith Shama’il Tirmizi Sharif (Complete)
Hadith Mu’atta Imam Malik (Complete)
Hadith Mu’atta Imam Mohammad (Complete)
External Tajvid

After these eight years students can enroll in following coerces;

Masters in Tafsir, Masters in Theology, Masters in Fiqh, Masters in Arabic Literature, Masters in Training for Teaching (B.Ed.), Masters in Tajweed w Qira’at, Masters in Calligraphy, Masters in Journalism, Masters in Dawah, Masters in Urdu journalism and many additional courses.

There is also one year diploma in computer in which students are trained for basic Computer operations.

Some years back on the initiative of MP Maulana Badruddin Ajmal, who is also the member of executive committee of Darul Uloom, two-year course in English language and literature was established.

[photos by TCN]