Economic Impact of Inadequate Sanitation in India
1. The Indian economy loses nearly $54 billion (around Rs 24,000 crore) annually due to lack of toilets and poor hygiene equivalent to 6.4 percent of India’s GDP in 2006.
2. The cost of treatment for diseases due to poor hygiene was estimated at $38.5 billion (over Rs 17,000 crore).
3. The Planning Commission had earlier estimated that although 49% of the country’s urban population has access to sanitary excreta disposal facility, only 28% have sewerage system (partial without treatment facility in many cases) and 21% only low cost sanitary latrine facility. About 60% of the generated solid waste is collected and disposed of, of which only 50% sanitarily.
4. World Bank officials estimate there are 4.5 lakh deaths out of 57.5 crore cases of diarrhoea every year and a large segment of the country’s 1.20 crore population defecates in the open.
5. Costain said the Indian economy loses $260 million (over Rs 1,000 crore) in tourism revenues due to poor sanitation as tourists are reluctant to come to India due to lack of sanitation facilities.
82% of rural India deprived of basic needs
1. The survey of over one lakh households on basic living standards in India also says that 20% of rural households don’t have access to either of these facilities, just 2% more than a similar figure for urban India, where 67.5 % enjoy all three. For India, the figure was 33%.
2. Although the report says that access to these three facilities in rural areas had tripled since 1993, it revealed an increase in the rural urban divide since then. The coverage in urban areas increased by about 20% as compared to 12% in rural areas between 1993 and 2008-09, says the report.
3. Nearly 57% of households in rural India have to travel up to five km every day to fetch drinking water as compared to just 20% in urban areas.
4. Just 30% of households in rural India have access to tap drinking water as compared to 74% in urban areas.
5. There is one areas where there is no rural-urban disparity. That is separate rooms for married couples. Around 75% of couples in both rural and urban India have a separate room.
Toilets in India
1. In slum areas, where more than half of Mumbai lives, an average 81 people share a single toilet. In some places it rises to an eye-watering 273. Even the lowest average is still 58, according to local municipal authority figures.
2. In March, Mumbai’s municipal authorities said there were 77,526 toilets in slum areas and 64,157 more were needed. Work is in progress on only 6,050.
3. The UN estimates that 600 million people or 55 percent of Indians still defecate outside.
4. Diseases like diarrhoea, which UNICEF says kills 1,000 Indian children aged under five every day.
5. Poor sanitation and the illnesses it causes cost the Indian economy 12 billion rupees (255 million dollars) a year, according to the health ministry.