Best place to be a mother( Save the Children: 2010)
1. India is in the unenviable position of 73rd out of 77 middle-income countries.
2.India still ranks first out of 12 countries that account for two-thirds of under-five and maternal deaths in the world.
3. In India, the shortfall of ASHA workers is estimated at a huge 74,000 (government norm is one Asha for 1,000 population) and ANMs at 21,066 (one ANM for 5,000 population in plain areas and 3,000 for rural areas).
Child Health (Save the Children-2009 Report)
1) A child dies every 15 seconds in India due to neonatal diseases while 20 lakh children die before reaching their fifth birthday.
2) Over four lakh newborns are dying every year within 24 hours of life in the country.
3) Over 20% of the world’s child deaths occur in India — the largest number anywhere in the world.
4) One in three of all malnourished children in the world live in India.
5) Around 46% of children under three are underweight in India.
6) Around 28% of child deaths are linked just to poor sanitation and unsafe drinking water
7) India’s child mortality statistics are particularly poor, with 72 deaths per 1,000 live births, higher than neighbouring countries such as Bangladesh.
Blind in India(2009)
1. Nearly two million people are blind in India.
2. Around 66 percent of them are women.
3. As many as two million people in India are corneally blind. Every year, 30,000 more are added to this figure. Half of the people suffering from this can get their sight restored through corneal graft surgery. However, against the annual demand for 100,000 corneas, only 16,000 are available.
Mental Health in India
1. There are over two crore Indians who suffer from serious mental illnesses; more than five crore from milder forms.
2. About 50-90 per cent of them do not have access to medical help.
3. The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), in a report on mental health released in September 2008, said that the morbidity rate on account mental illness will be greater than that from cardiovascular diseases by 2010.
Sanitary Practices(World Health organisation and UNICEF ‘Diarrhoea: Why Children Are Still Dying and What Can Be Done’):
1. Out of a total of 2.5 billion people worldwide that
defecate openly, 665 million belong to India.
2. Some 88 per cent of diarrhoeal deaths worldwide are attributable to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene.
Diabetes (2009 Report)
1. India continues to be the “diabetes capital” of the world and by the year 2010 about 50.8 million people in the 20 to 79 age group in the country will have diabetes.
2. International Diabetes Federation (IDF), projects that by 2030 about 87 million people will have diabetes.
3. The number of Indians with ‘pre-diabetic’ condition of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is also very high — about 39.5 million people will have IGT in 2010 and the number will be 64.1 million in 2030.