Muslim Representation in Uttar Pradesh Assembly




By Shafeeq Rahman,

Muslims form the largest minority community in Uttar Pradesh where they constitute around 19% of the state population with 20 districts having the Muslim concentration above 20%. Uttar Pradesh also hosts 22% of India’s Muslim population, the largest Muslim population of all states and union territories. Besides Muslim population factor, the state also has its share of Indian Muslim culture and heritage and a history of communal riots as well. But in comparison to other states, Muslims here are more deprived socially and economically. Politically, their position is worse.


Muslims of demanding reservation at a rally held March 6, 2011 in Muzzafarnagar district of UP [TCN Photo]

The representation of Muslims in the state legislative assembly has been consistently low in proportion to their population. Whereas on other side, the Scheduled Castes, which also have the highest concentration in the state with 21% population, are represented in the assembly at par its population ratio due to the safeguard of the Indian constitution – seats are reserved for the SC community in all legislative bodies across the country according to their population.

Since the Assembly election in the state is scheduled to be held in 2012 several Muslim as well as mainstream political parties are looking to grab the maximum number of Muslim votes to increase their strength in the legislature. This piece looks into the ideal and actual Muslim representation at per their population in all districts of the state. Allocation of assembly & parliamentary constituencies is made in each state and district to ensure the proper representation of population.

Reservation of seats for SCs is also determined in proportion to their population. The Delimitation Commission demarcates the boundaries and reserves the constituencies for SCs on the population proportion basis. The Scheduled Castes in the state are 3,51,483,77 that is 21% of the total population of the state and their representation in the assembly at per their population is ensured by reserving 85 seats. These 85 seats are distributed to seventy districts as per their population share. If the criteria and methodology adopted to ensure proper representation of SCs are also used for Muslims, then the situation will be altogether different in the state assembly. In the present Assembly of Uttar Pradesh, there are 55 Muslim MLAs but in proportion to their population in the state and district-wise there should be 75 Muslim MLAs.

District

Total Population

Total Seats

Total Muslim Population

% of Muslim population

% of state Muslim Population

Entitlement of Seats as per the ratio

Existing seats won by Muslim

Moradabad

3810983

9

1735381

45.54

4.23

4

5

Muzaffarnagar

3543362

9

1349629

38.09

3.29

3

2

Bijnor

3131619

8

1306329

41.71

3.19

3

3

Bareilly

3618589

9

1226386

33.89

2.99

3

2

Saharanpur

2896863

7

1132919

39.11

2.76

3

1

Meerut

2973877

7

975715

32.81

2.38

2

2

Rampur

1923739

5

945277

49.14

2.31

2

2

Bahraich

2701478

7

829361

30.70

2.02

2

4

Ghaziabad

3314070

8

782915

23.62

1.91

2

0

Lucknow

3647834

9

748687

20.52

1.83

2

1

Sitapur

3619661

9

696126

19.23

1.70

2

1

Budaun

3069426

7

654797

21.33

1.60

2

1

Kanpur Nagar

4167999

10

653881

15.69

1.60

2

1

Allahabad

4936105

12

627735

12.72

1.53

2

1

Balrampur

1682350

4

617675

36.72

1.51

2

1

Bulandshahr

3009860

7

613660

20.39

1.50

1

1

Kheri

3207232

8

612638

19.10

1.49

1

1

Siddharthnagar

2040085

5

600336

29.43

1.46

1

1

Azamgarh

3939916

10

593907

15.07

1.45

1

0

Jyotiba Phule Nagar

1499068

4

590308

39.38

1.44

1

2

Barabanki

3060996

7

589197

19.25

1.44

1

2

Gonda

2765586

7

532585

19.26

1.30

1

2

Aligarh

2992286

7

531956

17.78

1.30

1

1

Sultanpur

3214832

8

524642

16.32

1.28

1

0

Varanasi

3138671

8

497516

15.85

1.21

1

1

Kushi Nagar

2893196

7

487674

16.86

1.19

1

0

Shahjahanpur

2464930

6

455049

18.46

1.11

1

0

Hardoi

3398306

8

445419

13.11

1.09

1

3

Jaunpur

3911679

9

399186

10.20

0.97

1

1

Pilibhit

1728108

4

390773

22.61

0.95

1

3

Pratapgarh

2731174

7

374126

13.70

0.91

1

0

Maharajganj

2173878

5

357822

16.46

0.87

1

0

Mau

1853997

4

353003

19.04

0.86

1

1

Gorakhpur

3769456

9

344960

9.15

0.84

1

0

Sant Kabir Nagar

1420226

3

341154

24.02

0.83

1

2

Rae Bareli

2872335

7

340129

11.84

0.83

1

0

Ambedkar Nagar

2026876

5

332212

16.39

0.81

1

0

Agra

3621702

9

323634

8.94

0.79

1

1

Etah

2760350

7

319386

11.57

0.78

1

0

Deoria

2712650

7

308731

11.38

0.75

1

1

Fatehpur

2308384

6

307047

13.30

0.75

1

0

Basti

2084814

5

306540

14.70

0.75

1

0

Faizabad

1701513

4

304434

17.89

0.74

1

0

Shrawasti

855985

2

301117

35.18

0.73

1

0

Ghazipur

3037582

7

300327

9.89

0.73

1

2

Unnao

2700324

6

296780

10.99

0.72

1

0

Baghpat

1163991

3

287871

24.73

0.70

1

1

Firozabad

2081752

5

260414

12.51

0.64

1

1

Farrukhabad

1570408

4

232599

14.81

0.57

1

1

Kannauj

1388923

3

219104

15.78

0.53

1

0

Ballia

2761620

7

181553

6.57

0.44

0

0

Kaushambi

1293154

3

174698

13.51

0.43

0

0

Chandauli

1643251

4

168281

10.24

0.41

0

0

Mathura

2074516

5

167628

8.08

0.41

0

0

Sant Ravidas Nagar

1353705

3

161962

11.96

0.40

0

0

Mirzapur

2074709

5

158204

7.63

0.39

0

0

Gautam Buddha Nagar

1105292

3

156415

14.15

0.38

0

0

Jalaun

1454452

3

146317

10.06

0.36

0

0

Kanpur Dehat

1563336

4

145525

9.31

0.36

0

0

Mahamaya Nagar

1336031

3

134851

10.09

0.33

0

0

Jhansi

1744931

4

129785

7.44

0.32

0

0

Banda

1501602

4

126203

8.40

0.31

0

0

Etawah

1338871

3

95926

7.16

0.23

0

0

Mainpuri

1596718

4

84577

5.30

0.21

0

0

Auraiya

1179993

3

83719

7.09

0.20

0

0

Hamirpur

993792

2

83064

8.36

0.20

0

0

Sonbhadra

1504852

4

79102

5.26

0.19

0

0

Mahoba

758379

2

47335

6.24

0.12

0

0

Lalitpur

977734

2

28796

2.95

0.07

0

0

Chitrakoot

801957

2

27168

3.39

0.07

0

0

Total

166197921

403

30740158

18.50

75

75

55

Methodology of seat reservation

Entitlement of Seats for Muslim = Proportion of Muslim Population to Total multiplied by 403
(403 i.e. total Seats in the Legislative Assembly)

Proportion of Muslim 0.1850
Total Assembly Seats 403

Seats for Muslim in Assembly = 0.1850x 403 = 75
Seats for Muslim in District = Population of Muslim in District X 75
Population of Muslim in State

(Shafeeq Rahman is a professional researcher on India-centric socio, economic and political databases. He can be reached at rahman.shafeeq@gmail.com)

Comments

Muslim Representation in UP

1.There is not much difference between the ideal and the actual representation.
2.It is worth noting as to what the current number of representatives have done for the muslims of UP and for the people of UP,particularly its poor and the wretched.Perhaps not much.
3.It is important to note that the muslim MLAs and MLCs can do only that which their respective parties' policies allow them or dictate to them to do.
4.It is well known that all parties require the muslim vote but do not want to or cannot do for muslims what the muslims want or need.
5.Hence,the need is for a Haji Badruddin Ajmal,his AUDF and its manifesto for UP and in fact, for the whole country.

If the voters are created

If the voters are created awarness about their rights, of course every party irrespective of religion will serve them! but unfortunately voters are not aware of their rights. which materialises for the political parties. The political parties can't fool the voters all the time and surely they want to retain the seat, which will force them to do some welfare activity.

Excellent Analysis

It is perfect analysis to show the concentration of Muslim voters in state and it strengthens the demand of Muslim reservation in assemblies.