Washington : Body image or the way many women perceive their bodies can make them think they’re thinner or more obese than they actually are.
Researchers led by Temple University’s Sharon Herring have found that this misperception is associated with excess weight gain during pregnancy – which can cause complications for both mother and baby.
Herring and team of researchers from the department of ambulatory care and prevention at Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care found that overweight and obese women who thought they weighed less than they actually did at the start of pregnancy had seven times the odds of gaining excessive weight during their pregnancy.
Conversely, normal weight women who thought they weighed more than they actually did had twice the odds of gaining excessive weight during their pregnancy.
The reasons for misperceived body weight aren’t clear, but Herring and her team speculate that the high prevalence of obesity in the US might account for a skewed body image among the overweight or obese group so that they believe they are at a normal weight, and may be less likely to follow pregnancy weight gain guidelines as a result.
In normal weight women, the researchers speculate that the misperception may represent body dissatisfaction and a predisposition to disordered eating behaviours such as binge eating or bulimia, which could result in excessive gain.
“But it isn’t clear yet whether these are the explanations,” said Herring, an assistant professor of medicine and public health at Temple University’s Centre for Obesity Research and Education, said a Harvard release.
“More work needs to be done to understand perceptions of weight among mothers at the start of pregnancy, and to determine if correcting misperception reduces the likelihood of excessive pregnancy weight gain.”
The Institute of Medicine recommends that normal weight women gain 12 to 16 kg during pregnancy, and overweight or obese women gain 7.5 to 12.50 kg.
Over 50 percent of mothers in Herring’s study gained in excess of these recommendations, which Herring says can lead to higher rates of Caesarean sections, larger babies, and greater difficulty in losing weight after delivery.
The study looked at more than 1,500 women enrolled in Project Viva, a US birth cohort, who were normal weight, overweight or obese at the beginning of their pregnancies.
The study was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth.